Men and women, different in mortality

Source: Notes of Demography


Hombres y mujeres, distintos en mortalidad

The next Thursday, February 9, in the framework of the cycle of conferences Demography Today organized by the Group of Demographic Dynamics of the CSIC, is going to address the differences in mortality between men and women (a double session, starring two well-known specialists). Below are summaries of both interventions, and data on location, schedule, registration (free of charge) and additional resources.

Excess mortality of men. What a decline inevitable?



During the TWENTIETH century, female mortality decreased dramatically, more rapidly than the male. In consequence, the gap between the life expectancy of men and women will be significantly expanded. In the 1980s, in France, this gap was 8.2 years. The reasons for the increased life expectancy, women have been widely discussed: the advantages of biological, habits, healthier, a better relationship with the medicine. However, since three decades ago, this advantage has started to reduce, first, in the anglo-saxon countries and nordic, more recently, in France or in Spain. The men are each time more close to the life expectancy of women, thanks to a rapid decrease in cardiovascular mortality and a reversal of the trend of mortality from cancer, especially lung. The reduction of the difference in life expectancy is not necessarily linked with a decrease of the excess male mortality at all ages. At older ages, in France, female mortality continues to decrease more rapidly than the male. What are the main causes of the excess mortality male and its recent reduction? For how long women will keep their advantage, especially at advanced ages? What are other countries, like Japan, EE. UU. or Spain, experiencing the same trend?


Changes in the mortality differential of older men and women: the case of Spain



Older people, and especially women, have been the undisputed protagonists of the increase of the life expectancy in Spain, with special intensity since the seventies up to the present. This process has given rise to a new and growing demographic group, the elderly and the elderly, long-lived. An increasing proportion of the population reaches advanced ages in Spain and the women are at the forefront of this achievement. In recent years, there are indications of a stabilization of the differences reached between men and women over sixty and five years, for which reason we must analyze the evolution of some of the most important causes in mortality in the adult Spanish, with the aim of identifying signs or evidence of change, either in men either in women or in both groups, at an advanced age, which may explain this emerging brake of the divergence. After three decades of increasing mortality differential by gender, what we have touched bottom in this trend among the population older than sixty five, eighty, or ninety years? And if so, what diseases, what causes of death contribute to explain the observed changes in the trends of the male and female population Spanish in the face of death?.

EI cycle of conferences Demography Today seeks to promote and disseminate the scientific activity in the area of population through the dissemination of the research experience and the training of specialists in issues related to the demography and health at the same time to transmit to the society in a simple way aspects of great relevance both in the scientific debates as well as political current, such as the limits to longevity, pension systems, aging, emerging diseases, as well as migration and low fertility.



Thursday, February 9 2012, 19 hours

Palace of the Marquis of Salamanca

Paseo de Recoletos, 10, Madrid


It will offer simultaneous translation. The contents of this cycle of conferences will be accessible in video format via an interactive platform:


Tel: 91 374 54 00 / More information:

The cycle of lectures is part of the Postgraduate Courses of the Higher Council of Scientific Research.

Information and contact: [email protected]

Director of the cycle: Diego Ramiro Fariñas, Co-Director: Teresa Castro Martin, Secretariat: Ana Belén Castillo Belmonte


Life expectancy in Mexico (INEGI. Socio-Demographic Indicators, 1930-1998)

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