What does nature and nurture have in common?
Nature is what we think of as pre-wiring and is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors. Nurture is generally taken as the influence of external factors after conception, e.g., the product of exposure, life experiences and learning on an individual.
Is fight or flight nature or nurture?
The fight-flight-freeze response is your body’s natural reaction to danger. It’s a type of stress response that helps you react to perceived threats, like an oncoming car or growling dog. The response instantly causes hormonal and physiological changes.
What determines if you fight or flight?
The autonomic nervous system has two components, the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system functions like a gas pedal in a car. It triggers the fight-or-flight response, providing the body with a burst of energy so that it can respond to perceived dangers.
Is fight or flight a learned behavior?
The resulting response depends on how the organism has learned to deal with threat, as well as on an innate fight-or-flight “program” built into the brain. Evidence that the fight response can be learned is seen, for example, in studies showing that reactions to a perceived insult are strongly dependent on culture.
What does it mean for females to tend-and-befriend?
It refers to protection of offspring (tending) and seeking out their social group for mutual defense (befriending). In evolutionary psychology, tend-and-befriend is theorized as having evolved as the typical female response to stress.
What hormone is typically associated with stress?
Cortisol is often called the “stress hormone” because of its connection to the stress response, however, cortisol is much more than just a hormone released during stress.
Which one is a stressor?
A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event seen as causing stress to an organism. Psychologically speaking, a stressor can be events or environments that individuals might consider demanding, challenging, and/or threatening individual safety.
Which hormone contributes to the more feminine response to stress commonly known as tend-and-befriend?
In particular, the pituitary hormone oxytocin, which downregulates the sympathetic nervous system activation that is characteristic of “fight or flight” reactions to stress, is released when females engage in nurturing and affiliative behavior, said Taylor.
What three types of stressors are there?
Common types of stress There are three main types of stress. These are acute, episodic acute, and chronic stress. We explore each type of stress below.
What are the effects of long term stress on the body?
Ongoing, chronic stress, however, can cause or exacerbate many serious health problems, including: Mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and personality disorders. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease, high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, heart attacks, and stroke.
How does chronic stress affect the heart quizlet?
Chronic stress is a major contributor to coronary heart disease. It raises blood pressure and damages blood vessels.
How does chronic stress affect the heart?
Stress can cause increased oxygen demand on the body, spasm of the coronary (heart) blood vessels, and electrical instability in the heart’s conduction system. Chronic stress has been shown to increase the heart rate and blood pressure, making the heart work harder to produce the blood flow needed for bodily functions.
Which of the following personality traits predict a higher risk for heart disease?
Summary: Frequent bouts of depression, anxiety, hostility and anger are known to increase a person’s risk for developing coronary heart disease, but a combination of these “negative” personality traits may put people at especially serious risk, according to a study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.
How does proper stress management impact CVD?
The hormone cortisol is released in response to stress. Studies suggest that the high levels of cortisol from long-term stress can increase blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure. These are common risk factors for heart disease.
Can stress raise your cholesterol?
High levels of cortisol from long-term stress may be the mechanism behind how stress can increase cholesterol. Adrenaline may also be released, and these hormones can trigger a “fight or flight” response to deal with the stress. This response will then trigger triglycerides, which can boost “bad” cholesterol.
Can emotional stress cause heart problems?
But stress may affect behaviors and factors that increase heart disease risk: high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, smoking, physical inactivity and overeating.
Can you get a heart attack from being scared?
Fear can actually have some extreme physiological effects. It’s rare, but it can happen. Intense emotion can actually trigger a heart attack in susceptible individuals (especially those suffering from other heart conditions). But even people without an underlying heart problem can literally be scared (almost) to death.